Despite its vast popularity in recent years, many people are still confused when they hear the term cannabidiol. What is CBD? The answer depends on who you ask. If you ask industrial hemp growers, they will tell you that it is the most valuable part of this plant. We will answer this question in a simple, yet informative way that will not leave any doubts.
What is Cannabidiol?
The most common association with cannabis plants, including industrial cannabis, is drugs. Other associations include psychoactive effects, the first step towards heroin addiction, and death. However, CBD is related to positive health effects confirmed by many medical studies. Let’s start from scratch. Namely, it is an abbreviation for cannabidiol. It is one of a hundred compounds found in cannabis, or, more popularly, marijuana. However, it doesn’t have psychoactive effects. In other words, you cannot “get high” by consuming it.
It is an essential component of so-called medical marijuana. It is derived from the flower of the industrial hemp plant. Industrial hemp is a relative of the Cannabis Indica plant, which also contains CBD, but has the psychoactive cannabinoid THC as well. We are familiar with this plant under the name “Indian hemp” or simply “marijuana”. The primary psychoactive substance in marijuana is tetrahydrocannabinol, known as THC. This compound is on the list of psychoactive substances. Unlike THC, it does not show the potential for abuse or addiction.
To date, there is no evidence of public health problems associated with the use of pure it, according to a statement of the World Health Organization from 2017.
The Molecular Structure of CBD
CBD has CH3 and OH groups in its molecular structure. It is undeniable that it contains omega – 6 fatty acids, gamma–linolenic (GLA) and linoleic fatty acid, and is rich in omega – 3 fatty acids, and alpha–linolenic.
The ratio of omega – 6 and omega – 3 fatty acids in CBD is 3: 1, which is an advantage over cereal oils used frequently in the diet. More recent studies have also indicated the content of lignans, plant sterols, and numerous other biologically active compounds. These studies help us answer the “What is CBD?” question more accurately.
The Relation Between Hemp and CBD
Hemp and CBD both come from the same plant. However, there are certain differences between them. Namely, the industrial hemp oil is hemp seed oil, while the CBD and its oils are made from the flower of industrial hemp. That’s the main difference between these two products. At the same time, that’s why hemp oil and CBD oil benefits differ.
Industrial hemp is a special type of hemp grown for industrial production and has a minimum of psychoactive substances (THC). As a result, hemp oil does not have THC and does not have psychoactive properties.
Hemp oil is produced by cold pressing of industrial hemp seeds. This oil is obtained by supercritical extraction of hemp resin with carbon dioxide. After that, it is usually mixed with olive oil to give the desired texture.
Furthermore, there is a difference in the way hemp and CBD act in the human body. Industrial hemp oil is rich in omega-3 acids and is great for the skin. However, it lacks the key compounds that CBD oil has – those that help with inflammatory processes.
How CBD Works in Our Body?
About 30 years ago, scientists researching THC identified the endocannabinoid receptor system in the human brain. They marked it as a signaling system that exists and is active in our body regardless of the possible use of cannabis.
However, it interacts with this system. This means that cannabidiol, in the first place, affects the brain. It prevents the breakdown of chemical substances in the brain that affect pain, mood, and other mental functions. On the other hand, preventing the breakdown of these chemical substances and increasing their levels in the blood reduces the symptoms associated with various mental problems, such as schizophrenia. That is why the use of cannabidiol has the effect of reducing any type of pain.
The Use of CBD in Various Health Conditions and Medications
Experts around the world who are increasingly studying cannabinoids claim that this cannabis compound is not psychoactive and that it has positive health effects.
It also plays an important role in many functions and processes in the body, such as inflammation, chronic pain, metabolism, cardiovascular function, liver function, sleep, stress, mood, appetite, memory, fertility.
Research, as well as personal testimonials from users around the world, indicates that the benefits of this oil include relieving the symptoms of diseases such as MS, psoriasis, but also diseases that are much more common such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and stress. User experience shows that one of the greatest benefits of these compounds refers to the beneficial effects of CBD for pain.
Medical research has also shown that it can help reduce the number of epileptic seizures in some patients, by more than 40 percent.
Different Ways of CBD Consumption
CBD can be used in many different ways. Those include CBD oil – the most popular and widespread way, cream, edibles, and vape oil.
These creams and lotions help in local pain relief. You can use them to diminish the effects of rheumatoid arthritis and other types of pain. They are also effective in relieving muscular pain. A CBD cream can accelerate healing wounds too.
These edibles include CBD gummies that are a very practical way of CBD consumption. There are many different kinds suitable for different medical conditions. The most commonly used CBD edibles include those for anxiety, relaxation, insomnia, and stress relief.
What is CBD? It is a natural compound obtained from the flower of hemp that does not have psychoactive substances. That is why we must point out that it is different from marijuana and THC. At the same time, its products, such as edibles, oil, and creams are beneficial for human health. The main activity corridor is the endocannabinoid receptor system in our brain. Research on CBD and its effects continue.